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Method

 

- Matthew 3:11 "Baptize you with (lit. 'in') water."

- Luke 3:16 "Baptize you with (lit. 'in') water."

- John 1:31 "Baptizing with (lit. 'in') water."

- John 1:33 "Baptize with (lit. 'in') water."

- Matthew 3:16 "When he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water."

 

Also see, Matt. 3:6; Mark 1:5,8,9; Acts 1:5; Acts 8:38; John 1:31

 

Summary

- Baptism was IN water.

- Candidates went down INTO the water.

- Candidates came up OUT OF the water.


Candidates - Who?

 

- Mark 16:16 "He that believeth and is baptized."

- Acts 2:41 "Thay that gladly received his word were baptized."

- Acts 8:12 "When they believed...they were baptized."

- Acts 8:13 "Simon himself believed also: and when he was baptized."

- Acts 8:36-37 "Here is much water; what doth hinder me to be baptized? ... If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest."

 

Also see, Acts 16:14-15, Acts 16:32-33, Acts 18:8, Acts 19:5, Matt. 28:19.

 
Summary

- No one was baptized until he had intelligently received the plan of salvation offered int eh gospel.

- Baptism in no instance preceded definite acceptance.


Symbolism - Significance

 

Romans 6:4 "Buried with him by baptism."

- Colossians 2:2 "Buried with him in baptism."

- Romans 6:3-5 "So many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death . . . For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection."

- Galatians 3:27 "As many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ."

- Colossians 3:1 " If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteht on the right hand of God."

 

Also see, 1 Peter 3:21

 

Summary

Symbolizes the entrance, by the gateway of Christ's death into the domain of His righteousness and resurrection life. Expresses the baptized one's faith that God has taken him from among the dead and given him newness of life with the risen Christ.


Formula

 

- Matthew 28:19 "Baptizing them in (lit. 'into') the name of the Father, and the Son, and of the Holy Ghost."

 

Summary

The formula stated by Christ just befor His departure is authoritative for the present age.


Various Demomination Views of Baptism from Bible Scholars

St. Basil, A.D. 330, "How can we be placed in a condition of likeness to His Death? By being buried with Him in Baptism. How are we to go down with Him into the grave? By imitating the burial of Christ by baptism, for the bodies of the baptized are in a sense buried in water."

 

St. Ambrose, 378, "Thou saidist, I do believe and wast immersed - that is, thou wast buried."

 

St. Chrysostom, 398, "We, as in a sepulchre, immersing our heads in water, the old man is buried and sinking down, the whole body is concealed at once; then as we emerge the new man arises."

 

John Calvin, "The very word - baptize - means to immerse. It is certain that immersion was the practice of the early church."

 

Martin Luther - "Baptism is a Greek word and may be translated - immersion. I would have those who are to be baptized to be altogether dipped in the water."

 

John Wesley "Burial with Him by baptism - alluding to the ancient method of immersion."

 

Tyndale "plunging into water signifieth that we die and are buried with Christ as concerning the old life of sin, and the pulling out agin signifieth that we arise to walk in newness of life."

 

Didache, oldest known ecclesiastical manual, "The water to be preferred is living or running water... but if thou hast not living water baptize in other water and if tou canst not in cold, then warm."

 

Dean Stanley, " For the first thirteen centuries, the almost universal practice of baptism was that of which we read in the New Testament and which is the very meaning of the word 'baptize' - plunged, submerged, immersed into water."

 

Dean Lightfoot, "As he sinks beneath the baptismal waters, the believer confeses the burial of his corrupt affections and past sins; as he emerges he rises quickened to new hopes and a new life."

 

Chalmers, "There is no doubt that the administration of baptism in the apostles' days was by as actual submerging fo the whole body under the water."

 

Dods, "The full significance of the rite would have been lost had immersion bot been practiced."

 

Sanday, "baptism expresses symbolically a series of acts corresponding to the redeeming acts of Christ. Immersion - death, Submersion - burial, Emergence - resurrection."


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